Impact of Cure Violence in Multiple Regions

North America, Latin America/Caribbean, Middle East/North Africa, Africa, Europe

North America*

Location Statistical Findings Reference/Data
Baltimore (USA) Up to 56% reduction in killings
Up to 44% reduction in shootings
Evidence of norm change on violence
Webster 2012
Police data and surveys
Baltimore (USA) 25% reduction in shootings across 5 sites (high of 43% reduction) Webster 2016
Police data
Baltimore (USA) 43% of the attitudes on violence improved Milam 2016
Survey
Chicago (USA) 41% to 73% reduction in shootings and killings
100% reduction in retaliations
Skogan 2009
Police data
Chicago (USA) 31% reduction in killings
19% reduction in shootings
Henry 2015
Police data
Chicago (USA) 50% reduction in re-injury Salzmann 2010
Hospital data
Chicago (USA) 48% reduction in shootings U. of Chicago unpub.
Police data
Halifax (Canada) Reductions in shootings and violent crimes (not quantified) Ungar 2016
Police data and interviews
Kansas City (USA) 17.9% reduction in firearm killings Thompson 2013
Police data
New Orleans (USA) 47% reduction in shootings victims
85% reduction in retaliations/argument motive
44% reduction in shooting re-injury
City of New Orleans 2016 Progress Report
Police and hospital data
New York City (USA) 37% to 50% reduction in gun injuries
63% reduction in shootings
Delgado 2017
Hospital data
New York City (USA) Increased confidence in and willingness to contact law enforcement Delgado 2017
High risk survey
New York City (USA) Evidence of norm change on violence Delgado 2017
High risk survey
New York City (USA) 20% lower rates of shooting
>100 mediations involving >1,000 people
Picard Fritsche 2013
Police data
New York City (USA) 18% reduction in killings v. 69% increase in control Butts 2015
Police and hospital data
Philadelphia (USA) 30% reduction in shootings Roman 2017
Police data

Latin America/Caribbean (LAC)

Location Statistical Findings Reference/Data
Juarez (Mexico) 50% or more reduction in killings in 2016 in most areas with overall reductions in killings in 2015 and 2016 Mesa de Seguridad y Justicia de Ciudad Juarez
Official data
Juarez (Mexico) Reduction in perceived number of disputes and conflicts Del Barrio a la Comunidad 2016
Surveys and observatory data
Kingston & Montego Bay (Jamaica) 60 workers trained, results forthcoming Site reported data
Loiza (Puerto Rico, USA) 53% reduction in killings Nina 2013
Police data
Port of Spain (Trinidad) 67% in woundings and attempted murders
33% in calls for persons armed with firearms
Maguire 2017
Police data
Quezaltepeque, Nejapa, Los Novillos, La Devina, La Taquera (El Salvador) 20 workers trained, results forthcoming Site reported data
San Pedro Sula (Honduras) 88% reduction in shootings and killings
1 site – 17 months without any shootings
Over 1,000 conflicts mediated
Ransford 2016
Site reported data


Middle East/North Africa (MENA)

Location Statistical Findings Reference/Data
Basra and Sadr City (Iraq) Almost 1000 interruptions
More than 14,000 people reached through outreach
Site reported data
Bethlehem, E. Jerusalem, Hebron, Nablus/Jenin 25 workers implementing projects and spreading the methods in 4 communities Site reported data
Syria 133 Syrians trained
70% reported interrupting violence in first 3 months
Site reported data

Africa

Location Statistical Findings Reference/Data
Cape Town (South Africa) 14% reduction in killings
29% reduction in attempted killings
10% reduction in serious assaults
Ransford 2016
Police data
Kenya
[Election violence]
Low levels of election violence (2013, compared to all other elections) Site reported data
Morocco
[Re-integration program]
3 trainings conducted Site reported data
Nigeria 1 training conducted Site reported data

Europe

Location Statistical Findings Reference/Data
County of Kent (UK)
[Prison program]
51% reduction in overall violence
95% reduction in group attacks
44% reduction in adjudications (discipline)
Ransford 2017
Prison data


 Other Effects of Cure Violence Approach

Area Impact summary References*
Children Peaceful mediation of conflicts with children present (18% of conflicts) CV program data
87% of clients report home visits, 53% assistance to family members Skogan 2009
Assistance to younger siblings and children of clients Ransford 2016
New norms to protect children improvement of behavior towards children Ransford 2016
School 45% of clients assisted to complete school/GED CV program data
Students less likely to fight Ransford 2016
Assistance in managing conflicts Ransford 2016
Employment Assistance for job preparedness (resumes, applications, practice interviews) Skogan 2009
Assistance with job readiness:  87% help prepare for a job interview;      86% help find a job opening; 82% help preparing a resume Skogan 2009
72% of workers connected clients to job programs at least once a month Skogan 2009
63% of workers helped clients get state IDs at least once a month Skogan 2009
Among clients receiving assistance, 52% later were working Skogan 2009
64% of workers connected clients to job interviews at least once a month. Skogan et al. 2009
Parenting 27% of clients needed help with fam­ily conflict and 15% of clients needed parenting help – over 90% reported that their needs were met Skogan 2009
95% of clients thought that Cure Violence made them a better parent Ransford 2016
Mentoring “One striking finding of the interviews was how important [Cure Violence] loomed in their lives; after their par­ents, their outreach worker was typically rated the most important adult in their lives.” Skogan 2009
“Many of these clients emphasized the importance of being able to get in touch with their outreach workers at critical moments in their lives – times when they are tempted to go back on drugs, get involved in illegal forms of employment, or when they felt that violence was imminent.” Skogan 2009
Other Assistance Provided to Highest Risk 89 to 99% of clients got help with a variety of personal problems (dealing with emotions, enrolling in reahb for drug or alcohol problems, getting tested and treated for STDs, finding a place to live, leaving a gang, resolving family conflict and getting an education) Skogan 2009
31% of participants mediated their own conflict because of Cure Violence CV program data
Norms Community norms changed to reject use of violence Delgado 2015
High risk report being more likely to call and feel they can count on police Delgado 2015
Change attitudes on use of violence among highest risk Webster 2012


PDF Summary of the evidence of the effects of Cure Violence

* Caribbean and Latin American countries are listed separately from North America

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