Neighborhood Disadvantage Stressful Life Events and Adjustment in Urban Elementary School Children

Assessed the occurrence of three types of stressful life events among African- American and Hispanic children living in urban neighborhoods, and examined the concurrent and prospective relations between stressful life events and adjustment. Younger children and children living in the most disadvantaged neighborhoods experienced more stressful life events. Stressful life events were significantly related to higher concurrent levels of aggression and predicted increases in aggression P year later. Life transitions and exposure to violence predicted concurrent aggression, but circumscribed events served as the strongest predictor of aggression 1 year later. Total number of stressful events and exposure to violence significantly interacted with neighborhood disadvantage, such that effects were only apparent under conditions of high neighborhood disadvantage.

Publication Date

June 1994

Publication Name

Journal of Clinical Child Psychology

Violence type

Beth K. Attar, Nancy G. Guerra & Patrick H. Tolan